|Drug class:||Selective estrogen receptor degrader|
|Dosage range:||Not yet determined|
|Route of administration:||Oral|
Elacestrant is a selective estrogen receptor degrader (SERD) and selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) hybrid. It binds to estrogen receptors and causes them to be degraded into their constituent amino acids through the normal protein degradation process. Unlike other SERDs such as fulvestrant, its effects appear to be tissue-specific: it does not cause bone loss even in the absence of estradiol, so it presumably does not degrade estrogen receptors in bone and actually acts as an estrogen receptor agonist. On the other hand, it degrades ERα in breast tissue and prevents the proliferation of uterine tissue, presumably through the same mechanism.
Unlike raloxifene, it is not known if elacestrant has any outwardly visible feminizing effects.
- Fiona Garner, Maysoun Shomali, Dotty Paquin, C. Richard Lyttle, and Gary Hattersley. RAD1901: a novel, orally bioavailable selective estrogen receptor degrader that demonstrates antitumor activity in breast cancer xenograft models. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4560273/