Difference between revisions of "Speech therapy"

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===SOFTWARE===
+
==RESOURCES==
 +
 
 +
====SOFTWARE====
  
 
http://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2017.07.003
 
http://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2017.07.003
  
===WIKI ARTICLES===
+
====WIKI ARTICLES====
  
 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prosody_(linguistics)
 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prosody_(linguistics)
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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isochrony
 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isochrony
  
===VOICE THERAPY PAPERS===
+
====VOICE THERAPY PAPERS====
  
====MTF====
+
=====MTF=====
 
https://sci-hub.tw/https:/Main_Page/doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2016.03.013
 
https://sci-hub.tw/https:/Main_Page/doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2016.03.013
 
http://sci-hub.tw/10.1016/j.jvoice.2016.07.018
 
http://sci-hub.tw/10.1016/j.jvoice.2016.07.018
 
http://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2017.07.003
 
http://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2017.07.003
  
====FTM====
+
=====FTM=====
 
http://sci-hub.tw/10.1044/2017_JSLHR-S-16-0320
 
http://sci-hub.tw/10.1044/2017_JSLHR-S-16-0320
 
http://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.1111/andr.12278
 
http://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.1111/andr.12278
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http://sci-hub.tw/10.1002/lary.24480
 
http://sci-hub.tw/10.1002/lary.24480
  
INTONATION
+
==INTONATION==
  
    ///intonation ~ cadence
+
=====intonation ~ cadence=====
  
    The melodicity vs monotony of a voice
+
* The melodicity vs monotony of a voice
  
    mainly a rise and fall of pitch to communicate [[intention/attitude]]
+
* mainly a rise and fall of pitch to communicate [[intention/attitude]]
  
        * though also involving many concomitant features such as:
+
* though also involving many concomitant features such as:
       
 
        tone;
 
            average frequency*
 
        pitch-range;
 
            min-max frequency*
 
           
 
 
 
        volume;
 
            amplitude
 
        dynamics;
 
            changes in amplitude
 
       
 
 
          
 
          
        rythmicality;
+
;tone
            in/consistancy of isochronic patterns
+
::average frequency
        tempo;
+
;pitch-range;
            Beats per minute (averaged)
+
::min-max frequency*
           
 
 
              
 
              
INFLECTION
+
;volume
 +
::amplitude
 +
;dynamics
 +
::changes in amplitude
 
              
 
              
STRESS
+
;rythmicality
 +
::in/consistancy of isochronic patterns
 +
;tempo
 +
::Beats per minute (averaged)
  
TIMBRE (COLOR)
 
  
VOLUME (LIGHTNESS)
 
  
VOCAL RANGE
+
==VOCAL RANGE==
  
 
     ///min max frequency of a vocal register (most commonly modal)
 
     ///min max frequency of a vocal register (most commonly modal)
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     average female: 100-525
 
     average female: 100-525
  
REGISTER
+
==REGISTER==
  
 
     modal
 
     modal
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     whistle  
 
     whistle  
  
FORMANT
+
==FORMANT==
  
 
     ///waveform [[interference between frequency components]] in a spectrograph (created by combining multiple resonances)
 
     ///waveform [[interference between frequency components]] in a spectrograph (created by combining multiple resonances)
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         http://auditoryneuroscience.com/vocalizations-speech/two-formants
 
         http://auditoryneuroscience.com/vocalizations-speech/two-formants
 
          
 
          
RESONANCE
+
==RESONANCE==
 
          
 
          
 
     ///using different types of resonant vocal chambers to affect both the [[brightness and timbre]]
 
     ///using different types of resonant vocal chambers to affect both the [[brightness and timbre]]
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     chest
 
     chest
  
BRIGHTNESS (/CONTRAST)
+
==BRIGHTNESS (/CONTRAST)==
  
 
     ///brightness ~ [[spectral centroid]]
 
     ///brightness ~ [[spectral centroid]]
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     "chest" resonance = dark ~ low centroid frequency
 
     "chest" resonance = dark ~ low centroid frequency
  
PITCH (HUE)
+
==PITCH (HUE)==
  
 
     ///pitch ~ fundamental frequency
 
     ///pitch ~ fundamental frequency
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         * (volume can also affect percieved pitch [low~low high~high] to some degree)
 
         * (volume can also affect percieved pitch [low~low high~high] to some degree)
 +
 +
==INFLECTION==
 +
           
 +
==STRESS==
 +
 +
==TIMBRE (COLOR==
 +
 +
==VOLUME (LIGHTNESS)==

Latest revision as of 00:34, 4 August 2018

RESOURCES

SOFTWARE

http://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2017.07.003

WIKI ARTICLES

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prosody_(linguistics) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Formant https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vocal_resonation https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timbre https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intonation_(linguistics) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isochrony

VOICE THERAPY PAPERS

MTF

https://sci-hub.tw/https:/Main_Page/doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2016.03.013 http://sci-hub.tw/10.1016/j.jvoice.2016.07.018 http://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2017.07.003

FTM

http://sci-hub.tw/10.1044/2017_JSLHR-S-16-0320 http://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.1111/andr.12278 http://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.1007/s00405-015-3846-8 http://sci-hub.tw/10.1002/lary.24480

INTONATION

intonation ~ cadence
  • The melodicity vs monotony of a voice
  • though also involving many concomitant features such as:
tone
average frequency
pitch-range;
min-max frequency*
volume
amplitude
dynamics
changes in amplitude
rythmicality
in/consistancy of isochronic patterns
tempo
Beats per minute (averaged)


VOCAL RANGE

   ///min max frequency of a vocal register (most commonly modal)
   
   average male: 65-260
   
   ambiguous overlap: 100-260
   
   average female: 100-525

REGISTER

   modal
   fry
   falsetto
   whistle 

FORMANT

   ///waveform interference between frequency components in a spectrograph (created by combining multiple resonances)
   
       (this is how vowels are constructed)
       
       EG.
       
       http://auditoryneuroscience.com/vocalizations-speech/two-formants
       

RESONANCE

   ///using different types of resonant vocal chambers to affect both the brightness and timbre
   
   head
   
   nasal
   
   mouth
   
   chest

BRIGHTNESS (/CONTRAST)

   ///brightness ~ spectral centroid
   EG.
   "nasal" resonance = bright ~ high centroid frequency
   "chest" resonance = dark ~ low centroid frequency

PITCH (HUE)

   ///pitch ~ fundamental frequency
   EG.
   high pitched ~ high fundamental frequency 
   low pitched ~ low fundamental frequency
       * (brightness/darkness can alter percieved pitch through overtones)
       * (volume can also affect percieved pitch [low~low high~high] to some degree)

INFLECTION

STRESS

TIMBRE (COLOR

VOLUME (LIGHTNESS)